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NFL Ordered by Appeals Court to Proceed with Discovery

NFL Concussion Discovery

 Has the NFL Finally Met Its Match?

By Sheilla Dingus

December 31, 2016

The NFL’s insurers are not happy.  Concussions are eventually going to cost someone a lot of money and it’s now a question of who’s going to be on the hook for the bill.  NFL insurer, Alterra, first brought suit against the league in August 2012, as former individual players began suing for latent injury against the NFL in regard to the hidden and misrepresented danger of concussions.  At first, all the NFL’s insurers appeared to want was a bit of cooperation and exchange of information, which seems reasonable if they’re expected to pay the claims.  The NFL was not forthcoming, so the insurers pushed back.

The initial complaint by insurer Alterra presented the Nature of Action as follows:


Insurer Alterra further alleged:


The insurer went on to state, “Alterra has been appreciably prejudiced” by the NFL breaches.

In an attempt to shorten a long story, the former player suits were consolidated into multi-district litigation and brought before Eastern District of Pennsylvania Judge Anita Brody, who granted approval on a class action settlement of around $1 billion on May 8, 2015.  While settling, the NFL admitted no guilt or responsibility for the players’ latent injuries, nor were they forced to engage in extensive discovery.

The class settlement has been controversial primarily because it doesn’t provide for CTE, which currently can only be definitively diagnosed after death.  A number of former players opted out of the settlement and appealed.   The settlement was affirmed by the Third Circuit Court of Appeals on April 18, 2016. The objectors then sought an en banc hearing which was denied, which prompted them to request Supreme Court review of the case.  The Supreme Court declined.

Throughout this time, by way of the NFL’s adept legal maneuvering, the insurers’ lawsuit was placed on hold pending the outcome of the class action concussion settlement, citing claims that discovery here, would compromise them in that case.

Justice Jeffrey Oing of the New York Supreme Court, who had adjourned the matter to an April 29, 2106 conference wrote, concerning the NFL and its attempts to delay discovery that he had “been extremely patient with this case and . . . given [the NFL] all the stays that [it] asked for.”  He then said, “There comes a time when you need to go forward.”  He further stated:

"The Court says"

Despite Justice Oing’s repeated attempts to proceed with discovery, the NFL always managed to find another motion up its sleeve to compel a stay.  But on Friday, Daniel Wallach announced a breakthrough from First Department Appellate Division:

A discovery schedule has now been issued with responses to demands for discovery ordered to be completed by March 3, 2017.  Oral deposition is scheduled as follows:


Fifty depositions per side will be allowed.  It seems, at least for the time being that the NFL will no longer be able to evade discovery; what remains to be seen is if they will attempt to again settle, as they did in the concussion litigation to avoid it.  If discovery does proceed as scheduled, the NFL will be required to provide concussion documents to the insurers by March 3rd.  Don’t expect any quick press releases though.  In all likelihood, the NFL will be successful in keeping the documents sealed as to deny availability in ongoing concussion opt-out litigation (not to mention a very interested public.)  As the court process winds down, it is possible that we will finally get a glimpse of a bit of what the NFL has held back.  Previously sealed emails are now being released in a concussion suit against the NHL.

NFL revenues exceed the GDP of over fifty countries, so they’re apparently not used to backing down.  This time they’ve taken on another Titan and I’m not talking about a player from Tennessee.  Often court battles are contests of attrition; wars in which one party can afford to keep the litigation going until the opponent no longer has the means or will to stay in the fight.  This will not be the case here; the combatants are evenly matched.

The wheels are in motion.  Whether or not Alterra and Discover Property and Casualty Company (the other NFL insurer who has been consolidated in this case) will be liable to pay traumatic brain injury claims hinges on what is learned in the proceedings to come.  It is unlikely that the NFL will get away with a bargain price as it did in the prior litigation. (For a business making $13 billion per year, a $1 billion settlement over a sixty-five-year period is like most of us tossing a dollar in the Salvation Army kettle – with no Ezekiel Elliott to boost the value.)

So, perhaps for now it is best to wind down with this thought:

Has the NFL finally met its match?  We do indeed live in interesting times.

Editor at Advocacy for Fairness in Sports | Website

Sheilla Dingus founded Advocacy for Fairness in Sports in October 2016, after a stint with Defenders of the Wall, a New England Patriots based blog where she dived deep into the legal aspects of Deflategate. Along the way, she observed many inequities in sports and felt a need to address some of the under-reported stories in sports law. She draws from her background as a former professional dancer, who like many of the athletes she writes about, took an early retirement due to orthopedic injuries. After a return trip to college she worked for a legal software company, with seven years as a Project Manager and Analyst. She brings her analytical skills to the table in breaking down complex lawsuits, and enjoys pursuing her longtime interest in journalism.

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